Digital Matter does not advise connecting an immobilization relay to a safety critical system such as the ignition or fuel pump. A starter motor cut is recommended.
- The Dart3 has a switched ground output. This is Pin 12, the YELLOW wire.
- The SW GND can be wired to a relay, to control the relay
- The relay is also wired to cut/close the starter motor circuit for a vehicle, meaning that whether a vehicle is able to start or not can be controlled by the Dart3
- Immobilisation can be turned on/off by the Dart3 based on Driver ID Tag scans, or a command from the server.
There are different ways to wire in a relay and configure the device settings to achieve a similar result.
However the aim is to try to avoid having the relay coil energized for an extended period of time - so as to not drain the vehicle battery if it is not driven for some time.
Automotive relays will have 2 contacts:
- Normally Open
- The 'default' state, when the relay is not energised is open (break in circuit)
- Normally Closed
- The 'default' state, when the really is not energized is closed (closed loop)
There are 2 common use cases (this guide covers case 2)
- The vehicle cannot be started until the right driver ID tag is scanned.
- In this case when the relay is not energized we want there to be a break in the start motor circuit. So we wire to the Normally Open contact.
- With this config, we can still additionally send a command from the server to immobilize the asset and prevent anyone from starting it, even if they have a valid ID. If one form of immobilization (server command or Driver ID) OR the other is active, the asset can't start.
- Default state is that the vehicle can always be started - unless via Telematics Guru or another software platform an 'immobilize' command is sent.
- In this case we want the relay when not energized to be closed, allowing the vehicle to start. So we wired to the Normally Closed contact. Sending the command will energize the relay.
Wiring and Installation
- Connect pin 86 (relay positive) to the Vehicle Positive
- Pins 30 and 87A (normally closed) are wired to form the break in the start motor
- Connect the switched ground (Pin 12 - Yellow Wire) to the relay negative, pin 85.
The device will work as normal until the immobilize command is sent to the device from the server. This can be sent from Telematics Guru or a 3rd party platform.
When the immobilize function is activated on the server, the starter motor is cut. This wiring configuration is used when you want the vehicle to operate as normal until you need to immobilize.
Configure Digital Output 1
We must set that the Yellow wire is to be used for the purpose of immobilisation:
- Add the Digital Output parameter tab
- Function = Immobiliser
- Active High = YES
Sending Immobilisation Command From Server:
We need to enable immobilisation for the asset in TG
- Edit the asset - Assets → Manage Assets
- Select the Advanced tab in Edit Asset and check 'Can immobilize Asset' as shown below.
Once a device has been set up to allow immobilization through the edit menu, simply click on the cog menu on the right of the Manage Assets screen, and select Immobilize.
Or, from the app:
Check user permissions!
In order to see and use the 'immobilize' buttons on the app or website, your user account must have the Asset Manage permission. Remove this permission to take away a user's ability to immobilize an asset.
A 3rd party server can also send a message to the device to immobilize.
- For those using OEM server and a TCP or HTTP connector, the OEM Web API can be used to send this message
- For those taking the device data directly, the device can be messaged directly.
Contact DM support for details/integration documents.
Async messages are used to send messages from the server to the device. These are used to:
- Immobilize: enable or disable remotely
- Set Digital Outputs: set or clear remotely
- Trigger Accident Upload: trigger an upload of the accident data partition
These messages can only be sent to the device when it is connected to the server. Connections are triggered by the device. Triggers for the device to upload include:
- On heartbeat: default is 60 min on the Dart3.
- In trip: externally powered devices will do their best to stay connected. If ignition is on, the device is in trip by default.
- On accident: device will do an upload
- On digital input change: if the input is configured to “upload on change”, it will trigger a connection.
- On tamper detection
The times when it is not connected, the message will not be delivered until the next connection. This includes:
- After a trip end and upload, when the device is idle and sleeping
- Between heartbeats, until the next upload trigger.
- If the device cannot make a connection to the server because of network issues.
If the device is tampered with, or ripped out, the relay will then default back to the "normal" position. When the asset is installed for immobilization via a command from the server, the wiring diagram as seen above in the article is for normally closed, so if removed, the asset would be able to start. So cutting a unit out would allow an asset to be started.
The input monitor allows immobilization to be set based on the state of device digital inputs, i.e. immobilize on external power disconnection. Below details how to set that use case up.
The external power tab will need to be set up to a specific digital input as seen below.
Once that has been added, the input monitoring tab can be enabled so that if the specified digital input is inactive the output type actions immobilization. The digital input inactive mask will need to be set to the digital input that external power is mapped to. For example, to have the input monitor action immobilization for when the above Digital Input (10) is inactive, this would result in a binary representation of the inputs as: 10000000000 which is the decimal equivalent of 1024.